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Weather reports indicated a 18-knot south-east wind, cattivo tempo rain and some storms would be approaching us along the Tuscany Coast in the next hours. Our destination was the Gulf of La Spezia; in short, a safe port on one side and an unexpected deterioration in weather conditions on the other one.

So, we decided to leave from Viareggio and head for Portovenere, knowing we would have to face increasingly steeper waves and a highly demanding crossing in southern and libeccio winds. The first step of a crossing with a bad, yet not terrible, weather forecast was therefore closed by the decision to sail off. The observation of natural phenomena played a key role in our decision-making process: at 7.00 there was just a light south wind blowing, the sea was slightly rough and there was no sign of storms.

Once we were out of the port, we sailed about half a mile along the coast in order to avoid the barrier which extends from the outer breakwater of the port of Viareggio northwards and we finally headed for the Gulf of La Spezia. After about 20 minutes, a large western front began to emerge, with dark, low clouds and an increasingly stronger south-east wind. The risk of sailing in strong winds, heavy rainfall, lighting and reduced visibility was highly concrete.

navigare cattivo tempoWe reversed course to come back to the port but, within few seconds, we realized that the speed at which the front was approaching would have forced us to face it in a dangerous position, namely in the narrow space between the barrier and the coastline.  Consequently, the only decision we could take in that moment was to head towards West, move away from the coast and face the front in open sea.

That’s, in our opinion, the only possibile decision to take when – because of a miscalculation or false weather forecasts – bad weather surprises us at sea. On the morning of the last November 5th, the development of the weather events was textbook: the south-east wind got quickly stronger, then it calmed down and, after a few minutes, it reversed direction and got stronger again, reaching 40 knots. Visibility was seriously reduced by a highly heavy rainfall. Far from being a simple summer storm, the phenomenon was intense, accompanied by an increasingly choppier sea and strong wind.

How to stay safe in heavy weather sailing?

We’ve already talked about heavy weather sailing. Well, the measures to be adopted in the event of a stronger storm are almost the same. The only difference is that adverse weather conditions require more resistance, both in physical (cold and fatigue are the major enemies in this case) and psychological terms ( stress levels are elevated especially during the first phase and drop only when the worst is over).tempesta

As for the second aspect, the chance to face heavy weather sailing with greater or lesser calmness depends on the conditions our “unit” is in. In this case, the term “unit” not only refers to our boat but to a group including at least three elements: the captain’s expertise and experience, the crew’s preparation, the overall conditions of the boat and its equipment.

Of course, all these parameters need to be checked sufficiently in advance. Being aware of the real skills of the person who is in charge of both the boat and crew is an essential element which plays a key role in the decision on whether or not leave. Anyway, when a squall is predicted, it’s better to wait for better weather conditions; in the case of unexperienced crew, giving up leaving is an act of responsibility.

As for the boat’s conditions, these should be always checked, regardless of the weather conditions. So, it is important that everything on board is ok, including mast, rigging, deck equipment, blocks, stoppers, turnbuckles, engine and batteries. Being sure that our “unit” is in good conditions contributes to reduce our stress level to the benefit of our decision-making capability.

Preparing the boat and crew

Before heavy weather reaches us, we have a lot to do aboard. Having prepared the boat, now think of preparing the crew.

First of all, all crewmembers should put on belts and lifejackets and should be fastened to the jack line if working in the cockpit. Make sure that your crew knows the exact location of all the safety equipment and how to use the Vhf radio. If someone is susceptible to seasickness, probably it’s late now, but he should take his seasickness medication immediately.

vela tempoOn deck, all the mobile things should be secured and, if possibile, stowed below deck or in the lockers. Check both fore and aft lockers to make sure heavy items are secure, then lock lids and make sure all cockpit drains are clean and perfectly working.

Check all rig fittings are secure, including carriages, mainsail fittings and the jib. If anything is missing or broken, replace it if possible.

Make sure that reefs are deep and ready, clear the deck and the wheelhouse of anything not well secured, make sure running lights are operational and turn them on in case of low visibility.
Below deck, before heavy rain and choppy sea reach your boat, close all the hatches, portholes and seacocks.
Make sure that everything gets perfectly stowed and stay that way in order to prevent objects, crockery and instruments from falling everywhere.onde mare
Check that both the manual and the electric bilge pumps are working, check the location of all the safety equipment and, as already mentioned above, make sure your crewmembers know where to find and how to use it.
If you have time, make some hot coffee, put it in a thermos and put some dry biscuits, chocolate and crackers in a well-secured yet easy-to-reach locker.
Make sure all your crew wear adequate clothes to prepare themselves for weather conditions and outside temperatures.
With these few measures, properly adopted in avance, we adequately prepared ourselves for heavy weather sailing.
The general use is always the same: preparing both the boat and crew in advance, without waiting and becoming overwhelmed by external events. Once we’re ready, we can decide how to face the sea and the wind and which techniques to adopt for a safe sailing experience.




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